Pope Benedict will see out his life in prayer, "hidden from the world", he said today in his first personal comment on his plans since he stunned Catholics by announcing his retirement.
His remarks, in
a voice that was hoarse at times, followed Monday's resignation notice
which spoke of "a life dedicated to prayer".
The Vatican has said the
85-year-old German will live within its walls. His seclusion may allay
concern that the first living former pope in centuries might trouble
Speaking unscripted to thousands of priests from the diocese of Rome, in
what turned out to be a farewell address in his capacity as bishop of
the Italian capital, Benedict outlined a cloistered life ahead, once he
steps down in two weeks.
"Even if I am withdrawing into prayer, I will always be close to all of
you and I am sure that you will be close to me, even if I remain hidden
to the world," he said.
After February 28th, when he becomes the first pontiff in hundreds of
years to resign instead of ruling for life, Benedict will first go to
the papal summer retreat at Castel Gandolfo, south of Rome, and then
move permanently into the four-storey Mater Ecclesiae convent, in the
gardens behind St. Peter's Basilica.
The Vatican has already said that he will not influence the election of
his successor, which will take place in a secret conclave to start
between March 15th and 20th in the Sistine Chapel.
His unprepared comments to his priests at the emotional meeting in the
Vatican's modern audience hall was the first time the pope had spoken
specifically in public about how he will spend his time after his
The Vatican, which is navigating uncharted waters since his shock
announcement, said experts have still not decided what his title will be
or whether he will wear the white of a pope, the red of a cardinal or
the black of an ordinary priest.
"In my opinion, once he resigns he should put aside the white cassock
and put on the robes of a cardinal," said Father Thomas Reese, senior
fellow at the Woodstock Theological Center at Georgetown University and
an author of books on the Vatican.
"He should no longer be called pope, or Benedict, or your Holiness, but
should be referred to as Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger," Reese added. "After
the new pope is elected, he should attend his installation along with
the other retired cardinals and pledge his allegiance to the new pope."
Today's meeting with priests was the latest event in what has become a
slow-motion, long goodbye to the man who has led the 1.2 billion-strong
Roman Catholic Church for eight years.
Last night, he presided at an Ash Wednesday Mass that was moved to the vast St Peter's Basilica from its original venue in Rome.
A capacity crowd gave him a thunderous standing ovation at his last
public Mass. In his homily he said the Church had been at times
"defaced" by scandals, divisions and rivalries.
"Thank you. Now, let's return to prayer," the pontiff said, bringing an
end to several minutes of applause that clearly moved him. In an unusual
gesture, bishops took off their mitres in a sign of respect. Some of
The Vatican said 117 cardinals will be eligible to enter the March
conclave to choose Benedict's successor.
Cardinals lose their right to
elect a new pope if they turn 80 before the See of St. Peter becomes
vacant, as it will on February 28th.
Benedict's message to his flock since his announcement has been that the
Church is bigger than any human being, including the pope, and will not
be hurt by his resignation for health reasons.
Cardinals around the world have already begun informal consultations by
phone and email to construct a profile of the man they think would be
best suited to lead the Church in a period of continuing crisis.